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China-Africa Clean Energy Cooperation Boosts Africa's Green Transformation

On the mountainous land of the De'A region in central South Africa, white wind turbines made in China stand proudly. The strong wind blows, and the blades of the fan slowly rotate, supplying electricity to thousands of households through the South African National Electricity Company. This is the wind turbine of the Dea Wind Power Project operated by China Longyuan Power Group South Africa, taken in Dea Town, Northern Cape Province, South Africa on November 22. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lu Tianran This is a German-Arab wind power project operated by China Longyuan Power Group South Africa. It is also the first wind power project in Africa that integrates investment, construction and operation by a Chinese state-owned power generation company. According to Zhao Mingming, deputy general manager of Longyuan South Africa, the annual power generation capacity of the project exceeds 750 million kilowatt-hours, which is equivalent to saving more than 200,000 tons of standard coal and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by more than 700,000 tons. The project also sold carbon emissions through the global carbon trading market, realizing both environmental and economic benefits. "I am very proud to be able to work in a renewable energy company. To reduce pollution, we need renewable energy." South African project site director Van Turner told Xinhua News Agency reporters at the project site that this kind of renewable energy cooperation is not only It is conducive to deepening South Africa¡¯s relations with China, creating jobs and benefiting local people. At present, countries around the world are stepping up their efforts to deal with climate change, and African countries are also facing the issue of transitioning their development models to green. Clean energy cooperation between China and African countries has a history of decades. In recent years, a number of power stations invested or funded by China have been or will be put into operation. In northern Uganda, on the lower reaches of the White Nile River, the Karuma Hydropower Station, which is the general contract of China National Water Resources and Hydropower Construction Corporation (China Hydropower), has entered the final stage of construction. Mary Kittutu, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Development of Uganda at the time, told Xinhua News Agency that in the past, Uganda had to use thermal power because of insufficient water and electricity supply. Now, the government is vigorously promoting and developing renewable energy. As the largest hydropower station currently under construction in Uganda, the Kaluma Hydropower Station has an installed capacity of 600,000 kilowatts. Li Ji, deputy general manager of the project, said that after the completion of the power station, it will provide a continuous and stable power supply guarantee for the local area. As it is located near the Muchison Falls National Park, which has rich flora and fauna resources, the Kaluma Hydropower Station has fully considered the protection of environmentally sensitive areas from the preliminary design to the actual construction. Migratory channels for fish have been opened to reduce the impact on fish. "We hope that while promoting the development of Uganda, we will protect the green waters and mountains to the greatest extent possible," Li Ji said. Garissa County in northeastern Kenya is located in a dry and hot desert zone. The densely arranged solar panels form the largest Garissa photovoltaic power station in East Africa contracted by Chinese companies. It is understood that the average annual power generation capacity of the power station exceeds 76 million kilowatt-hours, which can meet the electricity needs of approximately 70,000 households and 380,000 people. The photovoltaic power station, which embodies the wisdom and sweat of Chinese builders, not only frees Garissa residents from the trouble of frequent power outages, but also greatly promotes the development of local industry and commerce and creates a large number of employment opportunities. Kevins Adhill, an expert on international relations in Kenya, said that the Garissa photovoltaic power station has greatly promoted the development of renewable energy in Kenya. On the path of low-carbon and sustainable development, China has always moved forward side by side with African countries and is an important partner in the development of renewable energy on the African continent. At the same time, benefiting from the international capital flow, technology and knowledge transfer promoted by China, Africa is accelerating the process of achieving green transformation.